It seems not.
You can restructure the table to manually spread it across the page which then wraps the schedule to fit the space you choose.
But if your schedule is still larger than the page you must duplicate it manually as you say and crop each drawing to show what you want.
As soon as you choose the option to "split among layouts" it converts the schedule back to a single row (or column) and then distributes that among the required number of new layout pages.
I would consider this a bug as I think it is not working as it should.
Some images for an explaination.
One of the forum moderators.
Versions 6.5 to 25
Dell XPS- i7-6700 @ 3.4Ghz, 16GB ram, GeForce GTX 960 (2GB), Windows 10
Dell Precision 3510 - i7 6820HQ @ 2.70GHz, 16GB RAM, AMD FirePro W5130M, Windows 10