Yes, there is layer combination control over layers for the layout book. The chosen layer combination affects every layout - you do not get per-sheet control. Further, the layers in the combination that have any affect are just those layers used for particular items on the sheet(s) and master.
For example, I've always prefixed the layers that I use only in the layout book (and master) with zlbk - to sort them to the bottom of my layer list out of the way (z for sorting, lbk for layout book). I have a zlbk layer for warning notices such as "PRELIMINARY - NOT FOR CONSTRUCTION" that are enabled with a "zz Print Set - Preliminary" layer combination, but turned off for the "zz Print Set - Final" layer combination. Etc.
It sounds like you might just need to create layer combinations for the things you want shown/hidden on your master?
One of the forum moderators • AC 26 USA and earlier • macOS Ventura 13.2.1, iMac Pro 10-Core, Radeon Pro Vega 64